Will Israelis and Palestinians ever reconcile, end conflict, World News
For several years, there have been numerous clashes between Israelis and Palestinians. Lately, the two have exchanged rockets, missiles, etc.
Many wars have been declared and several ceasefires have been imposed. In most cases, both sides have claimed victory in the conflicts.
As a result, there was loss of life and property. Even after suffering a lot in these clashes, there does not appear to be an end to hostilities in the future, as people on both sides may not be ready to reconcile.
Let’s explore the problem in detail.
The conflict erupted long ago when world leaders decided to create a Jewish state in the region to give the community a separate state to ensure its prosperity. This land, which was to be their homeland, was inhabited by a Jewish minority and an Arab majority.
The British separated Israel from the area called Palestine at the time because it was under their rule. For the Jews, it was their ancestral homeland. And as the Palestinian Arabs also claimed, they did not like it and gave rise to the conflict. The tension between the two parties does not seem to diminish over time.
Several Jews fleeing Europe arrived in the region between the 1920s and 1940s. After the Holocaust of World War II, they sought a homeland.
The UN voted for Palestine to be divided into separate Jewish and Arab states in 1947. It also made Jerusalem an international city. Violence between Jews and Arabs has since started.
The plan was accepted by Jewish leaders but rejected by the Arab side. It could not therefore be implemented.
After being unable to resolve the problem, the British left in 1948. And the Jewish leaders declared the creation of the State of Israel.
Many Palestinians opposed and a war ensued after troops invaded from neighboring Arab countries.
By the time the fighting ended in a ceasefire, Israel controlled most of the territory. Several Palestinians were forced to flee to the Al Nakba, or the “Catastrophe”.
Jordan occupied land known as the West Bank while Egypt occupied Gaza. Jerusalem was divided between Israeli forces in the west and Jordanian forces in the east.
As there was no peace agreement, other wars followed.
In 1967, another war took place and Israel occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank, as well as most of the Syrian Golan Heights, Gaza and the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula. It was a major victory for Israel.
Most Palestinians live in Gaza and the West Bank, as well as in neighboring Lebanon, Jordan and Syria.
Israel did not allow them to return home.
Israel still occupies the West Bank and has withdrawn from Gaza, but the UN still considers it occupied territory.
Israel claims all of Jerusalem as its capital and the Palestinians claim East Jerusalem as the capital of a Palestinian state, which may emerge in the future.
In a nutshell, the conflict doesn’t seem to end anytime soon as there are several issues that the two sides don’t seem to be on the same page.
These include the issue of Palestinian refugees, whether the Jewish settlements in the West Bank should remain or be removed, can both share Jerusalem and whether a Palestinian state should be created alongside Israel.
For more than 25 years, peace talks have been held intermittently, but so far the conflict appears to be only getting worse.